Berlin Wall Memorial
The Berlin Wall began in 1961, when East Germany partitioned the city in order to prevent inhabitants from fleeing to West Germany. The four-meter-high wall had 155 kilometres in length, dissected 55 streets, and had 293 observation towers and 57 bunkers before it was taken down in 1989.
Only minor sections of the graffiti-covered abomination survive today, including a 1.4-kilometer stretch maintained as part of the Berlin Wall Memorial (Gedenkstätte Berliner Mauer), a sobering reminder of Europe’s past hatred.
The Marienfelde Refugee Center Museum, with exhibits relating to the 1.5 million refugees who passed through Berlin; the Günter Litfin Memorial, a former watchtower now set up as a memorial, which pays tribute to the first civilian killed attempting to cross from east to west; and the Monument in Memory of the Divided City and the Victims of Communist Terrorism. English-language tours are provided.