Spree Island, also known as Museum Island (Museumsinsel), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site sandwiched between the River Spree and the Kupfergraben in a 400-meter-long canal. The Old Museum (Altes Museum), erected in 1830 to hold the Crown Jewels and other royal artefacts, is one of the city’s oldest and most prominent museums.
The Egyptian Museum, the Papyrus Collection, and the Collection of Classical Antiquities were all destroyed during WWII, but the New Museum (Neues Museum) was rebuilt and reopened in 2009, housing extensive collections from the Egyptian Museum, the Papyrus Collection, and the Collection of Classical Antiquities.
The Old National Gallery (Alte Nationalgalerie) was founded in 1876 and houses a collection of Neoclassical sculpture and paintings from 1815 to 1848, as well as Impressionist and early Modernist works. The Bode Museum has a Byzantine art collection as well as a major sculpture collection dating from the Middle Ages to the late 1800s.
The Pergamon is the city’s most popular museum, with a Museum of Islamic Art, the Ishtar Gate, and restored old Middle Eastern structures. The Humboldt Forum, Berlin’s newest museum, opens in 2019 and contains the Ethnological Museum and the Museum of Asian Art.